Red Army - 343rd Rifle Division



Stalian era - World War Two

Posted on February 16, 2014 at 1:10 AM

Stalin era

Main article: History of the Soviet Union (1927–1953)

From its creation, the government in the Soviet Union was based on the one-party rule of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks). After the economic policy of "War Communism" during the Russian Civil War, as a prelude to fully developing socialism in the country, the Soviet government permitted some private enterprise to coexist alongside nationalized industry in the 1920s and total food requisition in the countryside was replaced by a food tax (see New Economic Policy).

The stated purpose of the one-party state was to ensure that capitalist exploitation would not return to the Soviet Union and that the principles of Democratic Centralism would be most effective in representing the people's will in a practical manner. Debate over the future of the economy provided the background for a power struggle in the years after Lenin's death in 1924. Initially, Lenin was to be replaced by a "troika" consisting of Grigory Zinoviev of Ukraine, Lev Kamenev of Moscow, and Joseph Stalin of Georgia.

On 3 April 1922, Stalin was named the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Lenin had appointed Stalin the head of the Workers' and Peasants' Inspectorate, which gave Stalin considerable power. By gradually consolidating his influence and isolating and outmaneuvering his rivals within the party, Stalin became the undisputed leader of the Soviet Union and, by the end of the 1920s, established totalitarian rule. In October 1927, Grigory Zinoviev and Leon Trotsky were expelled from the Central Committee and forced into exile.

In 1928, Stalin introduced the First Five-Year Plan for building a socialist economy. In place of the internationalism expressed by Lenin throughout the Revolution, it aimed to build socialism in one country. In industry, the state assumed control over all existing enterprises and undertook an intensive program of industrialization. In agriculture, rather than adhering to the "lead by example" policy advocated by Lenin, forced collectivisation of farms was implemented all over the country.

Famines ensued, causing millions of deaths; surviving kulaks were persecuted and many sent to Gulags to do forced labour. Social upheaval continued in the mid-1930s. Stalin's Great Purge resulted in the execution or detainment of many "Old Bolsheviks" who had participated in the October Revolution with Lenin. According to declassified Soviet archives, in 1937 and 1938, the NKVD arrested more than one and a half million people, of whom 681,692 were shot – an average of 1,000 executions a day. The excess deaths during the 1930s as a whole were in the range of 10–11 million.Yet despite the turmoil of the mid-to-late 1930s, the Soviet Union developed a powerful industrial economy in the years before World War II.


The early 1930s saw closer cooperation between the West and the USSR. From 1932 to 1934, the Soviet Union participated in the World Disarmament Conference. In 1933, diplomatic relations between the United States and the USSR were established when in November, the newly elected President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt chose to formally recognize Stalin's Communist government and negotiated a new trade agreement between the two nations. In September 1934, the Soviet Union joined the League of Nations. After the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, the USSR actively supported the Republican forces against the Nationalists, who were supported by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany.

In December 1936, Stalin unveiled a new Soviet Constitution. The constitution was seen as a personal triumph for Stalin, who on this occasion was described by Pravda as a "genius of the new world, the wisest man of the epoch, the great leader of communism." By contrast, Western historians and historians from former Soviet occupied countries have viewed the constitution as a meaningless propaganda document.

The late 1930s saw a shift towards the Axis powers. In 1939, almost a year after the United Kingdom and France had concluded the Munich Agreement with Germany, the USSR dealt with the Nazis as well, both militarily and economically during extensive talks. The two countries concluded the German–Soviet Nonaggression Pact and the German–Soviet Commercial Agreement in August 1939. The nonaggression pact made possible Soviet occupation of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Bessarabia, northern Bukovina, and eastern Poland. In late November of the same year, unable to coerce the Republic of Finland by diplomatic means into moving its border 25 kilometres (16 mi) back from Leningrad, Joseph Stalin ordered the invasion of Finland.

In the east, the Soviet military won several decisive victories during border clashes with the Japanese Empire in 1938 and 1939. However, in April 1941, USSR signed the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact with the Empire of Japan, recognizing the territorial integrity of Manchukuo, a Japanese puppet state.

World War II

Main article: Eastern Front (World War II)

Although it has been debated whether the Soviet Union intended to invade Germany once it was strong enough, Germany itself broke the treaty and invaded the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941, starting what was known in the USSR as the "Great Patriotic War". The Red Army stopped the seemingly invincible German Army at the Battle of Moscow, aided by an unusually harsh winter. The Battle of Stalingrad, which lasted from late 1942 to early 1943, dealt a severe blow to the Germans from which they never fully recovered and became a turning point in the war. After Stalingrad, Soviet forces drove through Eastern Europe to Berlin before Germany surrendered in 1945. The German Army suffered 80% of its military deaths in the Eastern Front]

The same year, the USSR, in fulfillment of its agreement with the Allies at the Yalta Conference, denounced the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact in April 1945and invaded Manchukuo and other Japan-controlled territories on 9 August 1945. This conflict ended with a decisive Soviet victory, contributing to the unconditional surrender of Japan and the end of World War II.

The Soviet Union suffered greatly in the war, losing around 27 million people. Despite this, it emerged as a superpower in the post-war period. Once denied diplomatic recognition by the Western world, the Soviet Union had official relations with practically every nation by the late 1940s. A member of the United Nations at its foundation in 1945, the Soviet Union became one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, which gave it the right to veto any of its resolutions (see Soviet Union and the United Nations).

The Soviet Union maintained its status as one of the world's two superpowers for four decades through its hegemony in Eastern Europe, military strength, economic strength, aid to developing countries, and scientific research, especially in space technology and weaponry.



Categories: None

Post a Comment


Oops, you forgot something.


The words you entered did not match the given text. Please try again.

Already a member? Sign In


Reply tpaeovbq
7:33 PM on September 6, 2020 
real viagra without a doctor prescription - viagra tablets for men
viagra online generic
generic viagra price cheapest generic viagra viagra 100mg
Reply uhiazjee
1:22 AM on September 16, 2020 
online pharmacy viagra - viagra dosage
where to buy viagra online safely
do generic viagra pills work viagra purchase viagra 100mg
Reply ndfexech
6:51 AM on October 5, 2020 
generic viagra 100mg - generic sildenafil
generic viagra online pharmacy
buy viagra online cheap mail order viagra generic viagra without a doctor prescription
Reply snncmnmf
9:18 AM on October 18, 2020 
cialis for daily use online - cialis 20 mg price
where to buy cialis online
online cialis prescription cialis tablets generic cialis cost
Reply djqttuxj
9:43 AM on October 20, 2020 
how long is the sat essay - essay write service
how to cite an essay in mla
write essay for me essay helpers scholarships no essay
Reply wayfymir
2:01 AM on October 31, 2020 
viagra for sale - online ed pills
cost of viagra per pill
viagra sale generic viagra best price cost of viagra per pill
Reply pktdrczn
12:16 PM on November 20, 2020 
buy generic viagra online - best price on viagra
do generic viagra pills work
viagra prices viagra connect generic viagra from us pharmacy
Reply dldpxwnf
8:27 AM on December 5, 2020 
generic viagra coupon - order viagra
viagra no prescription
price viagra lowest price viagra viagra from canada
Reply nuaqgjig
10:23 PM on February 7, 2021 
liquid tadalafil - cialis pill
canadian pharmacy online
cialis price costco buy cialis generic generic cialis
Reply JamosEvant
5:47 AM on May 31, 2021 
Very well voiced without a doubt. !
Reply JamosEvant
7:09 AM on June 3, 2021 
Helpful posts. Cheers.
essay writing service online
essay title help
help writing paper
write a reflection essay
do my homework
how to write a 250 word essay
custom paper
how to write an evaluative essay
how to write an argumentative essay
how to write a persuasive argument essay
writing services
how to write a good introduction paragraph for an essay
Reply JamosEvant
8:01 PM on June 3, 2021 
Good stuff. Regards.
write my history essay for me
mathematics homework help
college application essay editing
write my essays
essay on helping others
essay writer
how to write a persuasive essay
writing my essay
what should be in a college essay
homeworks help
autobiography essay for college
help dissertation
essay editing service online
Reply JamosEvant
9:16 AM on June 4, 2021 
This is nicely said. !
customized essays
thesis paper writing
college application essay prompts
research paper
how to write the introduction of an essay
help in thesis writing
help writing essays
doctoral dissertation
how to write a winning scholarship essay
writing my essay
essay writing scholarships for high school students
custom paper
write a cause and effect essay
Reply JamosEvant
9:55 PM on June 4, 2021 
Amazing a lot of useful data.
proper heading for college essay
best essay writing
how to write a research papers
styles of writing essays
custom writing
essay writing rubrics
essay writing services reviews
how to write expository essay
undergraduate coursework
how to write an objective essay
define dissertation
how to write college essay
Reply JamosEvant
10:54 AM on June 5, 2021 
You revealed that well.
customized essay writing
professional resume writing service
best essay writer
thesis editing
college essay editing services
dissertation examples
writing literature essays
research paper
why do i want to go to college essay
thesis paper
good college application essays
essays writers
great college application essays
Reply JamosEvant
11:50 PM on June 5, 2021 
You actually stated that fantastically!
i need help writing a essay
custom papers
can someone write my essay for me
research paper
great college essay
custom paper
college essay checklist
essay writing services review
best online essay writing services
undergraduate coursework
ucla college essay
essays writing service
how to write a great college essay
Reply JamosEvant
10:26 PM on June 6, 2021 
Excellent information. Kudos!
pharmacy without dr prescriptions
Reply JamosEvant
3:00 AM on June 8, 2021 
Thank you, I value it.
write an essay for a scholarship
why go to college essay
do all colleges require essays
in an essay help you guide
Reply JamosEvant
3:52 AM on June 9, 2021 
Nicely put. Cheers!
order cheap essay
write my essay org
how to write a analysis essay
essay on social service
Reply JamosEvant
5:40 AM on June 10, 2021 
You mentioned it fantastically!
value of a college education essay
critical essay help
writing an illustration essay
parts of essay writing